Murchison Falls National Park
Murchison Falls National Park is found in the conservation Area. This is the Murchison Falls ( MFCA ). It comprises of Murchison Falls National Park, Bugungu and Karuma Falls Wildlife Reserves. This is where the Nile explodes through a narrow gorge. This is before it cascades down to become a placid river. The banks are thronged with hippos and crocodiles, waterbucks and buffaloes. The vegetation is characterized by savannah, riverine forest and woodland. Wildlife includes lions, leopards, elephants, giraffes, hartebeests and oribis. There is also the Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, and many bird species. Murchison Falls National Park lies in north western Uganda. It spreads inland from the shore of Lake Albert around the Victoria Nile. Murchison Falls National Park is located in Buliisa District in western Uganda. The park goes into Nwoya District in northern Uganda. The park is situated approximately 300 kilometers, by road, northwest of Kampala, Uganda’s capital city.
How to Get to Murchison Falls National Park
Some of you may be wondering how to get to the Murchison Falls National Park. But by means of road, it will take you around 5 hours from Kampala with about 305 km. Paara covers a distance of about 85km from Masindi town by the shortest route. A direct or longer route will cover an area of about 135km. alternatively one may decide to take on the Budongo forest route. This will provide magnificent views overlooking Lake Albert. It is the direct position of the rift valley escarpment over Butiaba.
You can also access Paara from the north through Chobe Gate. Karuma Falls along with Tangi is on this side. The Gate that is close to Pakwach is about 25km to Paara. There is also Wankwar Gate close to Purongo. People with Vehicles or public means will definitely go through the Nile at paara. There is a ferry with fixed time from 07.00 and 19.00.Besides road, Murchison can be accessed by air. Pakuba is the landing site for the charter flights. It is 9kms from Paraa. On the other hand Bugungu covers an area of 13kms from Paraa.
Murchison Falls National Park lies at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley. Here the sweeping Bunyoro escarpment tumbles into vast, palm-dotted savanna. It was first gazetted as a game reserve in 1926. It is Uganda’s largest and oldest conservation area. It plays host to 76 species of mammals and 451 birds.
Murchison Falls National Park is bisected by the Victoria Nile. This plunges 45m over the remnant rift valley wall. This creates the dramatic Murchison Falls. It is the centerpiece of the park and the final event in an 80km stretch of rapids. The mighty cascade drains the last of the river’s energy. It transforms into a broad, placid stream that flows quietly across into Lake Albert. This stretch of river provides one of Uganda’s most remarkable wildlife spectacles. Regular visitors to the riverbanks include elephants, giraffes and buffaloes. Hippos, Nile crocodiles and aquatic birds are permanent residents. Notable visitors to the park include Winston Churchill and Theodore Roosevelt. Ernest Hemingway and several British royals have visited Murchison Falls National Park too.
Geography and climate
The climate in Murchison Falls is tropical and hot. Being close to the equator, temperatures are quite uniform throughout the year. The area around Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) has two rainy seasons. These seasons are not as pronounced as they are at more equatorial regions in Uganda.
|Languages spoken||English, Luganda, Acholi|
|Currency used||Uganda Shillings (UGX)|