• Harar Tour in Ethiopia
  • Harar Tour in Ethiopia
  • Harar Tour in Ethiopia
  • Harar Tour in Ethiopia
  • Harar Tour in Ethiopia
  • Harar Tour in Ethiopia
  • Harar Tour in Ethiopia

Harar Tour in Ethiopia is a 3 days cultural Ethiopia safari tour. This 3 day Harar Tour in Ethiopia takes you to Harar city. This is the famous walled city located in the Eastern side Ethiopia.

The main highlight of this African safari in Ethiopia is the people’s culture. You will enjoy great sceneries in this 3 days Harar Tour in Ethiopia. You will also have an opportunity to feed the hyenas outside the city.

Harar Tour in Ethiopia

A visit to the market on this 3 day Harar tour in Ethiopia will do you good in understanding the people’s way of life. This 3 day Harar Tour in Ethiopia starts and ends in Addis Ababa.

Harar Tour Safari Destination

Harar City

The 3 day Harar tour takes you to the fortified historic town of Harar. This city is located in the eastern part of the country. It is on a plateau with deep gorges surrounded by deserts and savannah.

The walls surrounding this sacred Muslim city were built between the 13th and 16th centuries. Harar Jugol, said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam, numbers 82 mosques. a number of the mosques date from the 10th century.

Harar Tour in Ethiopia

There are 102 shrines, but the townhouses with their exceptional interior design constitute the most spectacular part of Harar’s cultural heritage.

The impact of African and Islamic traditions on the development of the town’s building types and urban layout make for its particular character and uniqueness.

History of Harar

It is likely the original inhabitants of the region were the Harla people. In its early history, the city was under an alliance called the Zeila confederate states.

According to twelfth century Jewish traveler Benjamin Tudela, Zeila region was the land of the Havilah, confined by Al-Habash in the west.  In the ninth century, Harar was under the Makhzumi dynasty.

Harar Called Gēy (“the City”) by its inhabitants Harari people, Harar emerged as the center of Islamic culture and religion in the Horn of Africa during end of the Middle Ages.

According to the Fath Madinat Harar, an unpublished history of the city in the 13th century, the cleric Abadir Umar ar-Rida, along with several other religious leaders, came from the Arabian Peninsula to settle in Harar circa 612H (1216 CE).

Harar Tour in Ethiopia

Abadir was met by the Harla (Harari people) , Gaturi and Argobba. Abadir’s brother Fakr ad-Din subsequently founded the Sultanate of Mogadishu and another one of his descendants founded the Hadiya Sultanate.

According to the 14th century chronicles of Amda Seyon I, Gēt (Gēy) was an Arab colony in Harla country. During the Middle Ages, Harar was part of the Adal Sultanate, becoming its capital in 1520 under Sultan Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad.

The sixteenth century was the city’s Golden Age. The local culture flourished, and many poets lived and wrote there. It also became known for coffee, weaving, basketry and bookbinding.

From Harar, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi launched a war of conquest in the sixteenth century that extended the polity’s territory and threatened the existence of the neighboring Christian Ethiopian Empire.

His successor, Emir Nur ibn Mujahid, built a protective wall around the city. Four meters in height with five gates, this structure, called Jugol, is still intact and is a symbol of the town to the inhabitants. Silt’e, Wolane, Halaba and Harari, lived in Harar while the former three moved to the Gurage region.

Harar functioned as the capital of the Harari Kingdom from 1520 to 1568. It became an independent emirate in the 17th century and was integrated into Ethiopia in 1887.

From the late 16th century to the 19th century Harar was an important trade centre between the coast and the interior highlands and a location for Islamic learning.

Today Harar is the administrative capital of the Harari People National Regional State (HPNRS). The historic town has a traditionally functioning community, forming a complex social-environmental whole.

Harar Tour in Ethiopia

Here each element has its symbolic and practical significance. The Harari people are distinguished by the continued cultural traditions and quality of their handicrafts. These include weaving, basket making and book binding.

The organization of the communities through traditional systems has preserved its social and physical inheritance and, significantly, the Harari language.

Why 3 Day Harar Tour in Ethiopia?

It’s easy to feel lost, both geographically and in time, when you’re in eastern Ethiopia’s Unesco World Heritage-listed Harar.

The ancient walled city, scattered over hundreds of narrow alleyways clustered together like a maze. It has plenty of old-world charm. Wherever you look, there’s a noteworthy feature.

These include traditional Harari houses, 16th-century gates, watchtowers, and uniquely constructed mosques and shrines.

Harar continues to bear the significant handprint of the trade that once flourished here, from India, the ­Middle East and the rest of Africa.

Harar Tour in Ethiopia

You could choose to spend all your time on Harar tour in one of the several local museums. Here you will get to admire coins and artefacts that ­illustrate how the arts and mercantile trade thrived in the town.

But the streets of Harar’s old town are where you’ll witness a distinctive ethnic identity on your Harar tour. There are different language and culture here that serve as a living museum.

Little wonder, then, that British orientalist Sir Richard Burton was one of Harar’s distinguished visitors.

Taking you even further on your Harar tour, go off the straight-and-narrow. Proceed down a path of intrigue is the relationship that the town has long shared with hyenas.

Most evenings at dusk, around the outskirts of the city, you can witness the human-­hyena ­interaction that Harar is ­famous for. The much-­maligned beasts approach the “hyena men” from out of the dark, in small packs of three or four. This is in response to what clearly is a familiar call.

The creatures behave playfully as they’re fed under the supervision of the experts. You can also get involved on your Harar tour, by proffering a meat stick.

History of Hyena Feeding in Harar

It is said that early in the time of the town there was a widespread famine and the hyenas had taken to attacking people out of hunger. There are several versions as to what happened next.

One is that a woman was making porridge (shure) and a group of hyenas came running towards her, apparently with the intention to attack. She got up to run, thinking that death was certainly upon her, but the hyenas instead began eating the porridge.

The towns-people realized that the attacks could be stopped if they fed the hyenas porridge. Since that day, at many shrines around Harar.

During the Muslim festival of Ashura, hyenas are fed porridge laced with butter. The legend says that the hyena king, who is very handsome and entirely white, comes first to try the porridge.

He tastes it and if it’s to his liking, the remainder of the hyenas comes to eat. The Murid at the shrine then examines the leftovers and makes predictions about the coming year. This is based on how much porridge the hyenas have eaten.

This is actually as much reality as it is legend and can be seen on your Harar tour firsthand. While the hyena king is not exactly handsome and white, he does indeed test the porridge. After the spectators have gone, the rest of the hyenas come to eat.