Kibale National Park
Kibale National Park contains one of the loveliest of Uganda’s parks. It is the most varied tracts of tropical forest in Uganda. There is forest cover, interspersed with patches of grassland and swamp. This dominates the northern and central parts of the park on an elevated plateau. The park is home to a total of 70 mammal species. There are the most famous 13 species of primate including the chimpanzee. Kibale National Park also contains over 375 species of birds.
Kibale National Park adjoins Queen Elizabeth National Park to the south. This creates a 180km-long corridor for wildlife. This is covers Ishasha, the remote southern sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park. It moves to Sebitoli in the north of Kibale National Park. The Kibale-Fort Portal area is one of Uganda’s most rewarding destinations to explore. The park lies close to the tranquil Ndali-Kasenda crater area. This is within half a day’s drive of the Queen Elizabeth. You can also access the park from Rwenzori Mountains and Semuliki National Parks. Also nearby is the Toro-Semliki Wildlife Reserve.
Geography and Climate in Kibale National Park
Kibale National Park is located in the districts of Kabarole and Kamwenge. This is approximately 320 kilometers, by road, west of Kampala. Fort Portal in Kabarole District is the nearest large city to the national park. The geology consists of rocks formed in the Precambrian period. They are sedentary, strongly folded and metamorphosed. The Toro system overlaying these rocks forms prominent ridges of quartzite. You may also sometimes find schists and phyllites. They are often intruded by amphibiolites, gneiss and granites. Some hills have layers of hard laterite exposed on them. About 90% of the Park is overlain by red ferralitic soils. 70% are sandy clay loams in the North and 30% are clay loams in the South. These soils are deeply weathered. They show little differentiation in horizon and are of very low to moderate fertility. The remaining 10% is where fertile eutrophic soil. They occur on a base of volcanic ash limited to Mpokya and Isunga areas. This is on the western edge of the park.
Kibale National Park has a tropical type of climate with two rainy periods. These are March to May and September to November. The annual mean temperature range rises from 14° – 15°C, – minimum to 26° – 27°C maximum. The annual rainfall is 1,100 – 1,600 mm. There is a pronounced dry season in December to February. Rain falls more in the North than in the South.
|Languages spoken||English, Luganda, Lunyoro|
|Currency used||Uganda Shillings (UGX)|